When I studied the four years of Secondary School and the three years of the Preuniversity, the Ministry of Education excluded from American poetry so many poets and poetesses who marked the path of modern Cuban poets.
And see that there were so many in the Universe of poetry that spurred us, for ideological reasons, erotic or language too cryptic for our age.
First they did not speak to us in any year of study to the exalted Cuban poetess DULCE MARIA LOINAZ who still lived in her house of the capital city. She never support the Castro or condemn him. She immersed herself in the secrecy of her loneliness and confinement, only violated by the visit of some poets who also despised the new society imposed on us by the Castros.
Of mambisa lineage on the part of father Enrique Loinaz del Castillo, author of the Invader anthem. In her past there were poetesses of the stature of Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda and other figures who contributed to the fight against the Spanish colony.
She published many poems among which stands out JARDIN-Garden-. In her work she used the so-called "magical realism" pioneer in this style that decades later used Gabriel García Márquez.I
t was her apolitical attitude to the new regime that isolated her from society. Other countries, USA, Spain, claimed to go into exile. But she remained firm in her rooms. She once said:
-I am the daughter of one who fought for the freedom of Cuba, who has to leave is the son of whom I wanted to remain a colony.
She received the Cervantes Prize in 1992, the Order of Isabel the Catholic. She was elected a member of the Cuban Academy of the Language that she presided until her death. The Cervantes Prize and the Felix Varela Order.
She got married twice. She did not have offspring.
When the Castros realized that they could not silence her figure and her height as a poet, they paid her honors that she rejected in silence and some interviews where she did not qualify or condemn the Castro regime.
She died on April 27, 1997 and was buried in the pantheon of the Loinaz.
Her silence about the Castro regime or the lack of criticism against the system was the only way to express her isolation from a society she did not feel part of.
She remained faithful to the Catholic Church until the end. Like a lily in her garden she remained cloistered in her mansion faithful to the numerous poetesses of the world who did the same as the famous posthumously American poet Emily Dickinson who also robbed us in the educational system.
Fragile flower that fell quietly before the tyranny that surrounded it.
That's why in my years of study they did not let us know the Loinaz, but their poetry speaks for itself to the sensitive souls of the faithful Cuban and to the whole world.
ORLANDO VICENTE ALVAREZ
ORLANDO VICENTE ALVAREZ